Category Archives: law & politics
I grew up in Raleigh, North Carolina. I lived in the same house for 18 years of my life and went to Wake County Public Schools throughout my formative years. My parents voted in local elections. A lot of my friends were conservative and religious, and some weren’t. A lot of my friends were white, and others were black, Latino/a, or API. I was a bit homophobic and pro-life as a pre-teen, and later came to my more liberal views in the process of coming out as bisexual at 16 and learning to read critically. My grandfather was the rector (head minister) of the oldest church in Raleigh, and I grew up going to Episcopalian Sunday school. Several of my friends as a child were immigrants. At 17 I protested the Iraq War outside of the building that housed Senator Elizabeth Dole’s offices. I was happy when John Edwards was elected and couldn’t stand Jesse Helms. I drink sweet tea and eat hush puppies. I still don’t understand Yankees.
This is all to say that being a North Carolinian is complicated. Our political views are diverse and vary widely throughout the regions of the state. Those of us who grew up in the cities experienced liberalism and conservatism in nearly-equal doses. Many of us changed our minds on political issues several times while growing up. Many of us have had to think about what our families’ pasts mean as we’ve become adults. Some of my ancestors likely owned slaves. My great-grandfather was a bootlegger. My great-grandmother was married to an abusive alcoholic. My grandparents called black people “colored” until they died and my great aunt thinks I’d be pretty if I just “did something” about my hair. My mother is a proud former flower child, a socialist, and a prison reform advocate.
Being a North Carolinian does not, contrary to the actions of our General Assembly, mean being a jackass, a sexist, a racist, a homophobe, a bigot, or a crusader against reproductive rights. Those people exist in our state. They have always existed in our state. And they exist up North and in the Midwest, too. I’ve met them everywhere I’ve travelled. I’ve also met amazing people all over the South, from fireball activists to unassuming Christians who accept all people because they believe that to be Christian is to live as Jesus lived.
If Pat McCrory had offered me those cookies, I might have thrown them in his face. I praise the woman who did receive the Governor’s offering for her restraint. But I also know that McCrory could be my grandfather or great-grandfather. Being a North Carolinian, again, is complicated.
One of the most important lessons I’ve learned is that people change. Deeply-held beliefs can be altered when you meet someone who doesn’t fit into your worldview, when you’re forced to consider the impact of your bigotry. You might be persuaded by a logical argument, or it might simply be the kindness of someone who isn’t like you that sways you to change your tune. Maybe you come around through prayer, or discussion, or reading. Maybe the simple passage of time has an effect. I don’t excuse the actions of the bigots in my state, nor do I accept their simple apologies. Actions speak louder than words. But I am hopeful, perhaps more so than most, that there will eventually be positive actions. Because I am a North Carolinian, and that is something anyone who stands against us will have to accept.
It’s a blessing and a curse.
One of the issues I’m most passionate about–the rights of trans people in prisons and detention facilities–has been in the news lately. It should be a chance to raise awareness around this important issue and to use media to push forward the tide of increasing respect for prisoners’ fundamental rights that was evidenced in several recent events, including successful lawsuits in Wisconsin and Massachusetts around transition-related care in prison and the issuance of a final ruling on the Prison Rape Elimination Act that incorporates many of trans advocates’ recommendations regarding trans prisoners. But it was evident from the start that this would be a tricky story to bend in the direction of education and advocacy on the issues, because this is a story that most people just can’t pull past Us vs. Them.
The headlines that started rolling in last week range from more-or-less balanced to fear-mongering on the conservative opinion side:
- Judge rules in favor for inmate’s sex change operation (Boston Globe, Sep 4)
- Judge orders Mass. to pay for inmate’s sex change surgery (Boston Globe, Sep 5)
- Ruling on prisoner’s sex-change a matter of principle (Boston Globe, Sep 6)
- Judge goes too far in sex change ruling (Boston Globe, Sep 7)
- Is denying treatment to transsexual inmates “cruel and unusual?” (The Atlantic, Sep 7)
- Free sex change for prisoner is distasteful, but justified (Boston Globe, Sep 10)
- The real war on women–rewarded for killing his wife (BernardGoldberg.com, Sep 10)
- Inmate’s sex change: humane or insane? (Santa Maria Times, Sep 11)
The facts of the case make it tempting, even for transgender people and those engaged in trans rights work, to focus on the individual involved and how heinous it seems that the state would give someone convicted of killing her wife a “free sex change.” It’s entirely understandable that those who can’t access necessary transition-related health care due to the cost of that care and the lack of insurance coverage would find it frustrating when a prisoner is allowed access to the same care on the state’s dime. But to focus on Kosilek’s crime, or on the idea of “free benefits” for prisoners, is entirely missing the point.
Yes, it’s strange that someone in prison would have better access to healthcare than someone who hasn’t been convicted of a crime, but the problem here isn’t that a prisoner does have access, it’s that many others don’t. Prisoners should have access to healthcare as a fundamental human right, and so should everyone else. True, many people don’t have that access right now, but access to human rights isn’t about ranking people by how much we think they deserve a right and doling it out accordingly. Healthcare access in this country depends on a lot of things–structural inequality, economic opportunity, whether you can get insurance coverage, and whether your insurance covers the treatment you need, to name a few. The Kosilek case was about a specific legal determination under one specific standard that gives prisoners in a particular jurisdiction access to health care. The judge made the right call in this case. There are many other cases, many other standards, that impact trans people’s right to transition-related care in different situations, and many people don’t have care yet. That sucks, but it doesn’t mean we should wait until all those cases are solved before we provide healthcare to trans prisoners. It means that we need to hold our country to a standard of basic human rights in all areas.
I also want to remind folks in general, but particularly some of the commenters on Lesley’s xoJane piece who are heavily focusing on the idea of “free surgery” or “rewarding prisoners,” that it’s the prison system itself that leads to this situation. When people commit crimes in the United States, we handle it through incarceration. We incarcerate people in facilities where if they are allowed to work, they can’t make very much money and they certainly can’t afford to pay for their own healthcare. One of the consequences of that system is an enormous burden on the state, but that has nothing to do with the question of what necessary healthcare is. There are other solutions to criminality, solutions that experts on prison abolition and reform can speak to far better than me. If we provided some means for criminals to work and pay to access rights such as healthcare, then the argument might fly. But we don’t, and so it’s the state’s responsibility to pay for care. The state is failing in other areas–we don’t provide adequate health care for the young, the old, the sick, non-citizens, or those with disabilities–but again, the answer to failure in one area is not to fail in another.
If this case pisses you off, if you’re outraged, then great. Excellent! Join the fight for rights to transition-related care through Medicaid, Medicare, the VA, private insurance, and other programs. Fight for expansion of the Affordable Care Act. But don’t spend your time arguing about this one trans woman who did a terrible thing and later won a petition for her human rights. Frankly, it’s a waste.